Wednesday, 17 January 2018

MOTHER BOARD EXPLAIN

MOTHERBOARD KYA HAI AUR KASE KAAM KARTA HAI?



kya aap jaante hain ki motherboard kya hai yadi aap kabhi apne computer ko khole honge repair ke liye ya repair hote huve dekhe honge tab aap jarur jaan gaye honge ki aakhir ye motherboard kya hai. aap ne jarur ye dekha hoga ki ek aisa equipment jisse saare equipment juden ho, jo saare components ko ek saath jod kar rakhe ise hi motherboard kehte hain. motherboard ek computer ke saare parts ko allow karta hai aapas mein power receive karne ke liye aur communication karne ke liye.

agar hum pichle 20 saalon ki baat kare to ham ye dekh sakte hain ki motherboard ne kaafee raast tay kiya hai. pehle ke aur aaj ke mothairboard mein kaafee antar hai, jaise ki sabse pehle ki ibm pc ki motherboard mein sirf ek hi processor aur kuchh chad slot. user ko floppy drive controller aur memory lagaakar hi kaam karna padta tha. lekin aajkal motherboard mein kaafee badalaav aa chuke hain jisme kie kaafee features add kar diya gaya hai, jisase computer ki capabilities aur upgrade hone ki shamata kaafee had tak badh gayi hai. aaj ham isee vishay motherboard kya hota hai aur kase kaam karta hai isee baare mein jaanege.

Mother board kya hai
ek motherboard kisi bhi computer ka backbone hota hai, ye ek aisa link hota hai jisse ki saare components ek dusre se jud se jaate hain, mano ye ek hub ka kaam kar raha ho jisse computer ke dusre device aapas mein connect hote hai. ye kisi user ke jarurat ke anusaar alag alag formation mein aate hain jisase ki uske jarurat, budget aur speed mein fit baith saken

mukhy roop se dekhe to ye ek pcb (printed circuit board) hi hai jo ki computer ke components ko hold karta hai jisse ki computer kaarya sham ho sake. components jaise cpu, ram, hard disk ke saath saath tv card, graphics etc. sab ko pehle motherboard ke saath connect kiya jaata hai. motherboard hi ye function enable karta hain ki sabhi ko uchit power supply jaaye taaki vo theek dhang se apna kaam kar sake.


MOTHERBOARD KE FUNCTIONS :



COMPONENT’S HUB: motherboard ek backbone ki tarah kaam karta hai kisi bhi computer ka jisme computer ke dusre parts jaise chu, ram aur hard disk ko install kiya jaata hai .

SLOTS FOR EXTERNAL PERIPHERALS: motherboard ek platform ke tarah bhi kaam karta hai jisase ki bahut saare expansion slots ko ye available karavaata hai jisase ham naye device or interface yahaan install kar sakte hain.

POWER DISTRIBUTION: motherboard ki madad se computer ki dusare components ko power supply kiya jaata hai.

DATA FLOW: motherboard ek communication hub ki tarah kaam karta hai jiske dvaara saare peripherals Connect hote hain. yahaan motherboard ye control karata hai ki saare peripherals apane bich theek dhang se communicate kar sake. aur motherboard data traffic ko manage karata hai.

BIOS: motherboard pakad ke rakhata hai read only memory ko, bios jo ki zaroorat padta hai computer ko boot up karane ke liye. to isase ye pata chalata hai ki motherboard ki madad se computer start hota hai.

KONSA MOTHERBOARD KHARIDE



motherboard akele kisI kaam ka nahin hai, lekin computer ko operate karan ke liye usaka kaafee mahatv hai. usaka main kaam hai ku compute ke micro chip ko hold karana usake saath saath baaki saare components ko aapas mein jodna. vo saari chize jo ki computer ko chalane mein madad karata hai ya phir usake performance ko badhata hai vo ya to motherboard ka hi ek part hota hai ya phir usake saath kisi slot ya port se juda hua hota hai


motherboard ka shape aur layout ko hi form factor kahate hain. isee form factor kee madad se hi ye deicide hota hai ki motherboard ki design kaise ho. vaise to bahut saare specific form factor hain jisase istamaal karake different types ke standard motherboard ko banaaya jaata hai.

dekha jaaye to motherboard bahut saare prakaar ke hain, aisee variation isaliye hai kyoonki requirement ke anusaar hi usakee design, cases, powersupply aur size ko banaaya jaata hai.

ek motherboard jo ki kisi ek specific manufacturer banaata hai shaayad kisi ek single variety ke cpu ko support kare aur kuchh memory ko. usee kaaran motherboard ka chayan kaafee soch vichaar karake hi
karana chaahiye sabhi motherboard sabhi prakaar ke components ko support nahin karate. usee kaaran sahi motherboard ka chunaav bahut jaruree hai. iseeliye mainne kuchh mahatvapoorn cheezo ko niche mention kiya hai taaki usase aapako kuchh idea aa sake isake sahi chunaav ke liye.


1. PROCESSOR
ek bahut hi mahatvapoorn feature motherboard ka hai vo socket jo ki cpu ko pakad ke rakhata hai. vivinn boards ke liye vivinn socket connects chaahiye aur sabhi ke processor pins samaan nahin hain. usee socket se hi pata chalega ki is motherboard mein kon si model ki processor fit hogi.

2. MEMORY
aap kis prakaar ka motherboard istamaal kar rahe hain isase maaloom padata hai ki aap kitane amount aur kis format ka ram istamaal kar sakate hain . normally boards ka memory kuchh limited hota hai ki vo kitne amount of ram ko support kare. par ye sabase achchha hoga ki agar aap koyi aisa board le jo ki aapke jarurat se jyaada ram ko support kare jisase ki aap baad mein usse upgrade kar sake.

3. FORM FACTOR
kisee bhee motherboard ke layout ko form factor kahte hain . isee form factor se pata chalta hai ki kahaan vivinn components ko place kiya jaaye aur isase us computer ka design pata chalta hai. vaise to form factor ke kayi standard hai par user ke requirement ke anusaar hi use istamaal kiya jaata hai.

4. CHIPSET
ek Chipset kisi bhi computer ka middle man hota hai, jiske madad se computer ke andar data ka transfer hota hai ek part se dusare part se. ye ek spine ke tarah hota hai jo micro processor ko computer ke dusre parts se jodata hai. ek computer mein usake do bhaag hote hain ek hai Northbridge aur doosara Southbridge. computer ke saare parts cpu ke saath usee chipset ki madad se communicate karate hain

5. BUS
ek bus ka computer mein matalab hota hai ek raasta jisase kisi bhi circuit mein ek component dusre ke saath judta hai. kisi bhi bus ka speed ko megahertz(mhz) mein naapa jaata hai. speed se hi maaloom padta hai ki kitni data us bus se gujar sakati hai. jitnee behatar bus hogi utani hi jaldee aur jyaada data ko transfer kiya ja sakta hai,

6. EXPANSIONS SLOTS AND CONNECTORS
expansion slots vo hardwired options hote hain jisse ki motherboard mein ham additional components jod sakate hain. yadi aapko bhavisy mein apane system ko upgrade karana hai tab aapako usake baare mein jarur sochana chaahiye. jitana jyaada aapake paas extra slots honge utani jyaada components aap attach kar sakte ho.

in sabhee cheezo ko dhyaan mein rakhte huve hi aap kisi motherboard ka chayan kar sakate hain. Issi liye mera aap logon se yahi gujaaris hai ki koy bhi motherboard kharidne se pehle aapko ye achchi tarah se maaloom hona chaahiye ki aapaki kya requirement hai. apane requirement ke mutaabik hi aapako koy bhi cheez khareedani chaahiye.

dheere dheere motherboard aur bhi behatar aur fast ban rahe hain, usake saath saath usaka cost bhi kam ho rah hai. jaise jaise duniya badal rahi hai vaise vaise logon ki jarurat bhi badal rahi hai isee kaaran motherboard ka shape, size aur speed sab badal rahe hain. vo din door nahin jab hamaare man mutaabik hi ham motherboard bana sake.

mujhe purn aasha hai ki mene aap logon ko motherboard kya hai  aur ye kaise kaam karta hai is baare mein poori jaanakaari di aur mein aasha karata hoo aap logon ko is computer ke component ke baare mein samaj aa gaya hoga. mera aap sabhi paathakon se guzaaris hai ki aap log bhi is jaanakaaree ko apane aas-pados, rishtedaaron, apane dosto mein share kare, jisase ki hamaare bich jaagarookata hogi aur isse sabako bahut laabh hoga. mujhe aap logon ki sahayog ki aavashyakata hai jisase main aur bhi nayi jaanakaari aap logon tak pahucha sakoo. 


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